Elements – colour, texture, shape/form, line, space, value/tone.

Principles – repetition, radial balance, rhythm, movement, contrast, unity/harmony, proportion, variety, asymmetrical balance, symmetrical balance,

Texture – refers to the look or feel of a surface.

Contrast/Emphasis – differences between elements (size, colour, shape).

Unity/Harmony – similarities between at least one of the elements.

Line – begins with a dot, creates a track or path.

Colour – refers to the hues, values.

Variety – shapes may be repeated.

Movement – repetition of identical or similar elements.

Rhythm – include simple, alternating and progressive.

Shape/form – 2 dimensional or 3 dimensional.

Space – the distance between two points.

Repetition – one element occurs more than once.

Value/tone – different shade, tints of a colour.

Balance – radial, symmetrical, asymmetrical – balanced from a centre point, each side is different but equally weighed, we feel uneasy.



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