• Introductions should precede the debate.
• The debater should not offer emotional appeals. H/she should concentrate on the evidence.
• The debater should never falsify, create or distort evidence.
• The debater should never publicly disagree with the decision of the judge or the audience. Winners need to be congratulated by the opposition.
• Debaters should not insult, offend, or disrespect other debaters and/or judges in any way.
• Do not speak out of turn, or interrupt an opponent.
• Debaters should avoid swaying, shuffling, and pacing.
Refer to the opposite side as “my opponent”.
Use phrases like “There are three main points that prove the affirmative…”
In the rebuttal, say….”My opponent said…, however,… ”
1. Avoid the use of Never.
2. Avoid the use of Always.
3. Refrain from saying you are wrong.
4. You can say your idea is mistaken.
5. Don’t disagree with obvious truths.
6. Attack the idea not the person.
7. Avoid exaggeration.
8. The use of often/generally allows for exceptions.
9. If it is just an opinion, admit it.
10. Do not present opinion as facts.
11. Smile when disagreeing.
12. Stress the positive.
13. Avoid bickering, quarreling, and wrangling.
14. Watch your tone of voice.
15. Keep your perspective – You’re just debating.
Resolution: the main argument (your thesis)
Affirmative: argues the resolution – tries to prove it correct (Murder is acceptable)
Negative: argues against the resolution – tries to prove it incorrect (Murder is not acceptable)
Constructive Phase: each side will have 2 chances to construct their arguments
Cross-examination: each side will have a chance to question the other side after each constructive argument has been made
Rebuttal Phase: each side will have 2 chances to rebut the statements made by the other side and clear up any confusion surrounding their own arguments
Two teams, each team selects four speakers: 1-Constructive #1
St. Rosemary Educational Institution. "Debate Structure & Etiquette." http://schoolworkhelper.net/. St. Rosemary Educational Institution, Last Update: 2017. Web. Retrieved on: Thursday 23rd March 2017. http://schoolworkhelper.net/debate-structure-etiquette/.