How the war was going for Germany’s army

How the war affected Germans at home in Germany

1939

·         Hitler was in control of much of western and eastern Europe.

o   High morale.

·         Many people still remembered the horrors of the First World War.

·         Food and clothe rationing was introduced.

·         Luxury goods were imported into Germany from captured territories.

o   High morale.

1940

 

 

1941

·         Hitler invaded the Soviet Union – “tore the heart out of the German army”.

·         Longer working hours, cut backs on heating and having to recycle rubbish due to the expensive war with Russian forces.

·         Civilians donated 1.5 million fur coats to keep the German army fighting in Russia warm.

1942

·         Soldiers’ morale started to decline.

·         The “Final Solution” begins – millions of Jewish civilians are executed.

·         Women drafted into the labour force – contradicting the Nazis ‘traditional’ view of women.

o   Shows that desperation has started to take over.

·         The Dresden Bombing took place.  This crippled German civilians’ morale.

·         Bombing became more frequent over the next few years.

1943

·         The tides turn – War in Europe starts to favour the Allies.

·         All effort focused on the armament industries – postal services suspended, letter boxes closed, places of entertainment closed, etc.

1944

·         Morale was significantly low on the front-line and the war was coming to its end.

·         Support for the Nazis was extremely weak as it was evident that the war was over.

1945

 

·         Food supplies were dwindling.  3.5 million German civilians had died.

·Germany was left shattered.



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