Softwood, Hardwood, Shelterwood, Selective Cutting Forestry

Softwood Forests: coniferous trees (cone-bearing:  fir, pine, spruce) make up 66% of Canada’s forests Hardwood Forests: deciduous trees (lose leaves every year:  birch, maple) make up 12% of Canada’s forests Commercial Forests Trees are harvested to make a profit exists in warmer, wetter areas where trees grow quickly British Columbia, Alberta Non-commercial Forests Not profitable…

What makes the wind blow? Factors Affecting Winds & Patterns

Wind:  the horizontal movement of air –Useful in many ways: 1. moderates surface temperatures 2. distributes moisture 3. cleanses the atmosphere -Wind is constantly blowing across Earth’s surface! –What sets the air into motion? *Differences in air pressure! -Air wants to flow from an area of high-pressure to an area of low-pressure. *For example: When…

Types of Industry

There are four major types of industry in Canada/USA/Europe. Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary. Primary Industries Industries that take in raw materials from the natural environment. Also known as extractive industries. (known as primary because extraction, or removal of natural resources must happen before anything else can be made. Everything comes from the earth) Primary…

Urban Land Use

80 % of Canadians live in cities cities are broken up into 6 major land-use groups – residential, transportation, institutional and public buildings,  open space and recreational land, industrial, and commercial Residential Land Use Where people live includes low (houses), medium (town houses) and high density (apartment buildings) Takes up 40% of land in cities…