Government Systems: Monarchy, Aristocracy, Democracy, Oligarchy

Classification Typology: classification system for claiming broad similarities or differences Aristotle’s typology based on two questions: who rules? in whose interest? Who Rules Lawful (common good) Lawless (private interest) One Monarchy Tyranny Few Aristocracy Oligarchy Many Polity Democracy modern concept of “democracy” = polity — constitutional democracy Dickerson and Flanagan’s modern typology Political System: Liberal…

Concepts of Politics: Power, Government, Society

Claims Society Politics Government Sovereignty(citizenship) The stats Power Claims Empirical = factual claims pointing to actual evidence Normative = evaluative (moral evaluation) Combination of both in all claims about politics, etc. Make a balance of both Society 2 or more people developing/having a social relationship with each other voluntary & spontaneous you create societies with…

Labour Force: Income Security & Insurance

Income Support System ·          Employment Insurance (EI) ·          provides a level of income replacement to those workers who are temporarily out of work and meet strict eligibility conditions ·          Social Assistance (SA) ·          provides minimal income support to those who do not qualify for Employment Insurance Key Concepts ·          Employment: any legal activity carried out…

Fallacies About Crime

The dramatic fallacy: offenses in the media that are publicized are far more dramatic than those commonly found in real life= ex: shoot out, romantic murder The cops-and-courts fallacy: warns us against overrating the latter, except as a responsive set of agencies: ex: few convictions based on trials they are plea-bargained The not me fallacy:…

The Matrix of Jurisprudence

Jurisprudence Juris- of law or of right Prudens/Prudentia-knowledge or skill of the law. Science or Philosophy of the Law Dealing with concepts, principles, notions of legal thought Look below surface of laws, court decisions and legal institutions Historical and Philosophic Roots Legal Matrix= Puzzle Interlocking Concepts, theories, principles and institutions. Law more than just rules…