FREEDOM: THE STRUGGLE FOR CIVIL LIBERTIES

Civil Liberties in the Constitution Civil liberties are constitutional provisions, laws, and practices that protect individuals from governmental interference. Found primarily in the Bill of Rights. They protect us from the government. Civil rights are guarantees by government of equal treatment to all citizens.  (The word equality does not appear in the Constitution.) Constitutional liberties…

Tort and Negligence

Negligence: Act is unintentional Act is unplanned Act results in an injury Intentional tort: a person deliberately causes harm/loss to another person (trespassing, causing a nuisance, defaming property). It must include – Intent Foreseeability (realization that an accident could occur) Elements of Negligence Duty of care: a legal obligation to not harm other people or…

Gothic Elements

1. Setting in a castle. The action takes place in and around an old castle, sometimes seemingly abandoned, sometimes occupied. The castle often contains secret passages, trap doors, secret rooms, dark or hidden staircases, and possibly ruined sections. 2. An atmosphere of mystery and suspense. The work is pervaded by a threatening feeling, a fear…

Crime Definitions

Homicide: killing another human being, either directly or indirectly Non-Culpable Homicide: is not criminal and occurs when death is caused by complete accident or in self-defence First Degree Murder: –          is planned and deliberate (considered, not impulsive) –          victim is a law enforcement agent –          occurs while another offensive crime is being committed –          occurs…

Grounds of Discrimination

Activities protected by human rights legislation include employment, accommodation and facilities, and meeting special needs. 1.  Employment Everyone has a right to “equal treatment with respect to employment” in the job application process, as well as in training, transfers, promotions, apprenticeship, dismissal, and layoffs. CONSTRUCTIVE AND DIRECT DISCRIMINATION Constructive Discrimination – employment policies that inadvertently…

Types of Assault

There are three levels of assault: 1) Simple Assault occurs when an individual Applies intentional force to another person without the other person’s consent Attempting or threatening, by an act or gesture to apply force Approaching or blocking the way of another person while openly wearing or carrying a weapon or an imitation of a…

Canadian Nationalism

At the root of the split in Canada is the reality that two European empires had colonized and dominated history after contact. Of course we talking about the tensions between Canadians of British and French backgrounds. During the phase of the Canada’s early development after confederation frustrations on both sides often boiled over as result…