Biology: The Evolution of populations

Microevolution: The change in the genetic makeup of a population from generation to generation Mendel’s model: the particulate hypothesis of inheritance Quantitative characteristics: characteristics of a population that vary along continuum. Eg. Fur length in mammals Population genetics: study of how populations change genetically over time. Modern synthesis: a comprehensive theory of evolution that integrated…

Pesticides & Naled: Environmental Impact, Legislation, Costs

With environmentalists constantly searching for a safer insecticide to deal with those pesky mosquitoes, naled has often been the choice for many. Having been registered for use since 1959 in the United States, about one million pounds of the organophosphate pesticide have been used every year with seventy percent used towards mosquito control. Primarily produced…

Major Hormones: Origin, Target, Function

HORMONE GLAND ORIGIN TARGET TISSUE FUNCTION Adrenocorticotropic Pituitary gland (anterior) Adrenal cortex Triggers secretion of hydrocortisone from the adrenal gland Growth hormone Pituitary gland (anterior) Throughout body Stimulates growth and development Follicle-stimulating hormone Pituitary gland (anterior) Sex glands Stimulates female egg maturation and male sperm production Luteinizing hormone Pituitary gland (anterior) Sex glands Stimulates female…

DDT: Properties, Uses, WHMIS

Common Names: Anofex, Cesarex, Chlorophenothane, Dedelo, p, p’-DDT, Dinocide, Didimac, Digmar, ENT 1506, Genitox, Guesapon, Guesarol, Gexarex, Gyron, Hildit, Ixodex, Kopsol, Neocid, OMS 16, Micro DDT 75, Pentachlorin, Rukseam, R50 and Zerdane. Physical Properties of DDT – Created by the reaction of trichloroethanol with chlorobenzene – Stable, Nonflammable, Combustible molecule – Able to perform substitution…

Protein Structures: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary

Proteins are the largest and most varied class of biological molecules, and they show the greatest variety of structures.  Many have intricate three-dimensional folding patterns that result in a compact form, but others do not fold up at all (“natively unstructured proteins”) and exist in random conformations. The function of proteins depends on their structure,…

Principles of Ecology

Organisms and Their Environment What is Ecology? –Ecology: The scientific study of interactions among organisms and their environments *Ecology reveals relationships among living and nonliving parts of the world! Ex- what a coyote eats; -how day length influences the behavior of migrating birds; -how shrimp help rid ocean fishes of parasites; -how acid rain threatens…

Kingdom Archaea

Organisms in Archaea live in extreme conditions, such as: Very hot (hot springs, volcanoes, sea floor vents) Very cold Acidic Alkaline Salty High pressure All Archaea are prokaryotic and live in anaerobic conditions (no oxygen) … they obtain the energy they require from inorganic molecules or from light. Originally, organisms from the Archaea were classified…

Evolution: Genetic Drift, Gene Flow, Mutations, Random Change

Random change Key factors that can cause evolution: –Small populations are more variable to changes in allele frequencies -non-random mating opportunities result in only those “preferred” traits being passed onto future populations –new alleles may be created when mutations occur (changes the frequencies of new and original alleles) -migration causes changes in the relative abundance…