Bioluminescence in Fungi: History & Mechanism

What is Bioluminescence? The current paper main focus is on bioluminescent Fungi but the basic features of bioluminescence discussed are common to all bioluminescent organisms. Bioluminescence is simply light created by living organisms. Probably the most commonly known example of bioluminescence by North Americans is the firefly, which lights its abdomen during its mating season…

Types of Contraceptive Methods: Pros & Cons

CONTRACEPTIVES: The use of a device or procedure to prevent conception (pregnancy) as a result of sexual activity Sexual Abstinence Voluntary restraint from sexual intercourse   Advantages NO risk of pregnancy NO risk of STIs Appeals to certain religions/beliefs Disadvantages May not experience pleasure Calendar/Rhythm Method No sexual intercourse during ovulation   Advantages NO side…

Endosymbiosis & Lateral Gene Transfer

Endosymbiotic Theory: Mitochondria & Chloroplast are descendants of prokaryotic cells; they share clear structural/ biochemical features with modern prokaryotes. Cyanobacteria: blue-green algae; obtain their energy through photosynthesis Lateral gene Transfer: Gene from Mitochondria & Chloroplast MOVE from Mitochondria & Chloroplast to the nucleus Evidence of Endosymbiosis (Happened after evolution of aerobic prokaryotes) Morphology: Form of…

How Does Cyanide kill you? Cytochrome C Inhibitor

These processes occur on the inner mitochondrial membrane.  The ETC consists of four main protein complexes: I, NADH dehydrogenase, II,  succinate dehydrogenase, III, cytochrome complex, and IV, cytochrome oxidase.  In each protein complex, are cofactors, which transfer electrons from NADH and FADH2 to O2.  NADH donates an electron to complex I, releasing NAD+ and an…