How Does Cyanide kill you? Cytochrome C Inhibitor

These processes occur on the inner mitochondrial membrane.  The ETC consists of four main protein complexes: I, NADH dehydrogenase, II,  succinate dehydrogenase, III, cytochrome complex, and IV, cytochrome oxidase.  In each protein complex, are cofactors, which transfer electrons from NADH and FADH2 to O2.  NADH donates an electron to complex I, releasing NAD+ and an…

Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life

Darwin’s Five Observations More young are produced than survive Individuals vary in their characteristics Some characteristics are better than others These characteristics are inheritable Long periods of time are available Darwin’s Two Major Points Many species of organisms presently inhabiting the earth are descendants from ancestral species that were different from modern species The mechanism…

What is Dehydration? Causes, Treatment

Dehydration is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that is caused by the lack of water needed for the body to function well. If not treated, dehydration can cause high body temperature, sleepiness, visual snow, dizziness, unconsciousness, hypotension (decreased blood pressure), headaches, nausea, paresthesia (limbs tingling), shriveled and wrinkled skin, dim vision, incapability to urinate,…

Community Ecology: Predation, Mimicry, Competition

Community: A group of species that occupy a given area, interacting either directly or indirectly Predation Consumption of one organism by another organism Predator-prey population oscillations Predators and prey are agents of natural selection for each other defense or attack strategies camouflage aposematic colouration Mimicry Batesian: One species is harmful the other is non-harmful Non-harmful…

The Inheritance of Difference: Eukaryotes & Prokaryotes

Inheritance of Different in Prokaryotes Mutations arise, move from donors to recipients, incorporated to recipients through recombination Transposition: some genes are mobile and can be transferred to another site, and then another host Transformation: the conversion of the heredity type of a cell by the uptake of DNA released by the breakdown of another cell…