Slavery & African Americans After The Civil War (1865- 1872)

In 1865, after the Civil War, the long process of Reconstruction began. Congress passed new laws to give African Americans freedom. First, they passed the Thirteenth Amendment which officially ended slavery. Congress then created the Freedmen’s Bureau to help the recently freed slaves. After President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were…

Revolutionary Europe by James D. White Summary

The Roots if the Revolution: The Nationalities. The Russian Empire was “an unwieldy conglomeration of territories inhabited by a nationally variegated population…” (pg 174) By 1914, Russia was composed of 148.4 million people. 43.4% were Russians, 17.5% Ukrainians, 10.6% Turkish speaking people. Some people such as the Fins, Poles and the Jews had a strong…

The Julio-Claudians: Tiberius, Gaius, Nero

The Julio-Claudians Emperors: Civil Government and Military Concerns Relations between emperor and subjects encompassed dealings with the senators and equites Augustus portrayed himself first among equals rather than as dictator like Julius Caesar, thus emphasizing civil rather than military power Augustus’ immediate successors came from his extended family so a single dynasty ran the Roman…