Literary Modernism, Existentialism, Intellectualism

Modernism as a literary movement emerged in France during the last quarter of the 19th century and remained an influential force right up until the Second World War throughout whole Europe and lasted approximately up to 1950. Modernism is also used as an umbrella term applied to the wide range of experimental and avant-garde trends…

Metaphysics: The Theory of Existentialism

Existentialism is defined as the philosophical theory, which holds that a further set of categories, governed by the norm of authenticity, is necessary to grasp human existence. What makes this philosophical argument distinct is not its concern with existence overall, but rather its claim that thinking of human existence requires new categories that are not…

Existentialism in the early 19th Century

Major Themes Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. Certain themes common to virtually all existentialist writers can, however, be identified. The term itself suggests one major theme: the stress on concrete individual existence and, consequently, on subjectivity, individual freedom, and choice. Moral Individualism Most philosophers…

Existentialism & Jean-Paul Sartre: Sartre and Kant on Ethics

Existentialism: a philosophical movement that focuses on individual autonomy and the necessity of making reasoned decisions for oneself. Jean-Paul Sartre, (1905-1980) French author and philosopher Best-known proponent of humanistic existentialism Marxist advocate of political causes French resistance fighter of WWII Winner of the Nobel Prize for literature Sartre was an atheist who believed that human…