Government Systems: Monarchy, Aristocracy, Democracy, Oligarchy

Classification Typology: classification system for claiming broad similarities or differences Aristotle’s typology based on two questions: who rules? in whose interest? Who Rules Lawful (common good) Lawless (private interest) One Monarchy Tyranny Few Aristocracy Oligarchy Many Polity Democracy modern concept of “democracy” = polity — constitutional democracy Dickerson and Flanagan’s modern typology Political System: Liberal…

Contributions of Ancient Rome

RELIGION Facilitated the spread of Christianity throughout the Empire. GOVERNMENT Democracy plus Senate (Members represented sections of society) LITERATURE Ovid: Metamorphoses, Virgil: Aeneid, Cicero: Rhetorical works. HISTORICAL WORKS Tacitus: Histories;  Julius Caesar: Histories of  Rome. CONSTRUCTION Marcus Vitruvius Pollio: “De architectura,” deals with urban planning, building materials, temple construction, public and private buildings, and hydraulics,…