Igneous Rocks: Formation, Composition, Naming

Igneous rocks crystallize from molten silicate material called magma that forms at high temperatures and pressures deep in the Earth. Magma rises through the crust and either reaches the surface by volcanoes (extrusive) or cools below surface (intrusive). How Magmas Evolve – according to Bowen’s Reaction Series: discontinuous (different molecular structures of olivine [single tetrahedra],…

Physical and Chemical Properties

–          All pieces of matter have properties or characteristics.  All matter can be talked about with descriptive terms.  For example, describe the Johnson uniform: –          Scientists have grouped properties into two categories: physical properties and chemical properties. –          The properties you just described when talking about the Johnson uniform are what scientists call “physical properties.” …