Charles Dickens’ Hard Times: Industrialization, Women, Utilitarianism

CHARACTERS Thomas Gradgrind – local teacher and politician, tries hard to exert Utilitarianism and force it on everybody around him Mr. Choakumchild – teacher, teaches children facts and only facts Mr. Josiah Bounderby – rich businessman, banker and salesman, owner of the factory, He has no moral or regard for human suffering, he exploits and…

The Julio-Claudians: Tiberius, Gaius, Nero

The Julio-Claudians Emperors: Civil Government and Military Concerns Relations between emperor and subjects encompassed dealings with the senators and equites Augustus portrayed himself first among equals rather than as dictator like Julius Caesar, thus emphasizing civil rather than military power Augustus’ immediate successors came from his extended family so a single dynasty ran the Roman…

Islamic: Sacred Writings, Groups, Women

The Qur’an -“Qur’an” means recitation -The revelations that Muhammad received through Gabriel are literally the Word of God -This distinguishes it from other sacred writings (e.g. the Torah, the Bible) -Even translations from Arabic are considered suspect -The Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad over a period of 23 years -He remembered them and taught his…