For human beings, the more we perform almost any skill, the better we become at it.  In addition, as we physically grow and develop, our ability to master increasingly complicated skills is enhanced.

Motor Learning

  • the process by which a person develops, through a combination of physical and psychological factors, the ability to perform a task
  • the body and mind work together to allow progression in the skill
  • the root of any motor activity lies in the sensory and nervous systems

Motor activity can be divided into two divisions:

Automatic motor activity

  • involves very little thought and results in movement appears to be an almost unconscious reflex action


Controlled motor activity

  • needs relatively more thought and time to perform


Principle of Individual Differences

  • individuals differ widely in how quickly and easily they can learn new motor skills

Factors affecting Skill Development (reasons for faults and errors)

  • incorrect understanding of the movement
  • poor physical abilities
  • poor coordination of movement
  • incorrect application of power
  • lack of concentration
  • inappropriate equipment, clothing, and footwear
  • external factors (e.g., weather conditions)
  • physical and psychological fatigue
  • distractions (e.g., audience noise)
  • poor motivation
  • opposition


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