Pablo Picasso was born on October 25th, 1881 in Málaga, Spain to a father who was a professor in a school of arts and crafts (2004, encyclopedia). His father’s last name was Blasco, while his mother’s was Picasso, it was in 1991 when Pablo Picasso decided to go by his mother’s last name (2004, encyclopedia). Since Picasso’s father was an art teacher, his father taught him everything that he knew to help Pablo become a great artist (2003, arthistory).  In early 1900’s Pablo Picasso left his family in Málanga and moved to Paris for Picasso to continue his career as an artist, where he met and soon became friends with Henri Matisse, Joan Miró and George Braque (2003, arthistory). The reason Picasso moved to Paris was because it was known for then and now as ‘Capital of the arts’ (2003, arthistory). Sadly, the artist died in 1973, April 8th after living for 92 years in Mougins, France (2003, arthistory).

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Pablo Picasso while in the early stages of his artist career had two painting periods called the ‘Blue Period’ and the ‘Rose Period’ (2003, arthistory). The ‘Blue Period’ took place in 1901-1904 and was called blue period because almost all his paintings had shades of blue in them (encyclopedia). During this period, his paintings were rather depressive, as a symbol of the artists hard times during the beginning of the new century (encyclopedia). His ‘Pink/Rose Period’ took place in 1905-1906 (2003, arthistory), during this period he painted quite a few paintings of circus performers (2004, encyclopedia). While the mood of has changed drastically, so did the colours as Picasso painted in mostly pinks and reds (2004, encyclopedia).

When to use a capital letter and a Period

It was after those periods that Pablo Picasso really started on his cubism artworks, alongside with Georges Braque (2000-2005, robinurton). At first society did not accept the art of cubism, especially for his painting ‘Les Demoiselles de Avignon’, since the woman looked scary looking and hardly realistic (2000-2005, robinurton). What inspired Picasso were the African and Oceanic tribe because of the powerful yet thoughtful artworks.

In the early stages of his artist career the use of line is mostly suggested, unless its a black and white sketch but even in those you can barely see the line (1881-1906). As he started his cubism stages (1907-1911) line became thick and clearly seen. By the later stages of his career (1940-1951) line was still clearly seen but less thick.

Before Picasso co-created cubism, the shape in his works were rather realistic and life-like. Some but few of his works continued to be life-like since he co-founded cubism, almost all his artworks were abstract.


  1. Esaak, Shelle (2003), Arthistoy, ‘Pablo Picasso’ Retrieved from
  2. Rewald, Sabine. (2000) “Cubism”. In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved from
  3. Urton, Robin (2000-2005), EyeconArt, ‘Cubism’. Retrieved from 
  4. N/A (2004) Encyclopedia of World Biography. ‘Pablo Picasso’ Retrieved from

Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Pablo Picasso: Cubism, Blue Period, Rose Period," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019,
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