• Typically emphasizes exposure as well as changing problematic patterns of thinking
  • Typically involve- 10 individual or group sessions with a therapist plus homework
  • Has been shown to produce significant improvements
  • Has been combined with drug therapy

Agoraphobia: Fear of not being able to escape from a public place if they have a panic attack

The Use and Abuse of Drugs:

Addictive Behaviour:

  • Habits that have gotten out of control, with a resulting negative impact on a person’s health.
  • 5 Characteristics typically associated with addictive behaviours:

o   Reinforcement

§  Some act of the behaviour produces positive feelings, or some act of the behaviour relieves negative feelings

o   Compulsion or craving

o   Loss of Control

o   Escalation

§  More and more of the substance is required to produce it’s desired affects- physical addiction

o   Negative Consequences

The Development of Addiction:

  • Many behaviours are addictive, but most people who engage in them do not develop problems
  • If a person becomes dependent and tolerance develops, the behaviour is likely to become a central focus in the person’s life
  • No single cause of addiction

– The individual, environment, and substance/ behaviour combine

–Individuals with trouble coping with stress may be more susceptible to addiction

–Some people may also have a genetic predisposition to addiction (could also be

environmental, learned behaviours)

author avatar
William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team)
William completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts in 2013. He current serves as a lecturer, tutor and freelance writer. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, walking his dog and parasailing. Article last reviewed: 2022 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2024 | Creative Commons 4.0

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