RELIGION

  • Facilitated the spread of Christianity throughout the Empire.

GOVERNMENT

  • Democracy plus Senate (Members represented sections of society)

LITERATURE

  • Ovid: Metamorphoses, Virgil: Aeneid, Cicero: Rhetorical works.

HISTORICAL WORKS

  • Tacitus: Histories;  Julius Caesar: Histories of  Rome.

CONSTRUCTION

  • Marcus Vitruvius Pollio: “De architectura,” deals with urban planning, building materials, temple construction, public and private buildings, and hydraulics, remained a classic until the Renaissance.
  • Advanced urban planning, the arch and the dome.
  • Colosseum, Circus Maximus, aqueducts.

ART

  • Art heavily influenced by Greek art. Often used Greek artists.
  • Portraiture (Busts) reached highest developments.

LANGUAGE

  • Latin, present in all Western languages and heavily used in the Sciences.
  • Official language of the Catholic Church.

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