The following table lists the deadliest earthquakes on record according to date, location, number of deaths, and magnitude. On Jan. 23, 1556, an 8.0 magnitude earthquake struck Shansi, China killing 830,000 people.

Jan. 23, 1556Shansi, China830,000~8
July 27, 1976Tangshan, China255,00017.5
Aug. 9, 1138Aleppo, Syria230,000n.a.
Dec. 26, 2004off west coast of northern Sumatra225,000+9.0
Dec. 22, 8562Damghan, Iran200,000n.a.
May 22, 1927near Xining, Tsinghai, China200,0007.9
Dec. 16, 1920Gansu, China200,0007.8
March 23, 8932Ardabil, Iran150,000n.a.
Sept. 1, 1923Kwanto, Japan143,0007.9
Oct. 5, 1948Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, USSR110,0007.3
Dec. 28, 1908Messina, Italy70,000–
Sept. 1290Chihli, China100,000n.a.
May 12, 2008Eastern Sichuan, China87,5877.9
Oct. 8, 2005Pakistan80,3617.6
Nov. 1667Shemakha, Caucasia80,000n.a.
Nov. 18, 1727Tabriz, Iran77,000n.a.
Dec. 25, 1932Gansu, China70,0007.6
Nov. 1, 1755Lisbon, Portugal70,0008.7
May 31, 1970Peru66,0007.9
May 30, 1935Quetta, Pakistan30,000–
Jan. 11, 1693Sicily, Italy60,000n.a.
12684Silicia, Asia Minor60,000n.a.
June 20, 1990Iran50,0007.7
Feb. 4, 1783Calabria, Italy50,000n.a.

1. Official. Estimated death toll as high as 655,000.

2. Note that these dates are prior to A.D. 1000. No digit is missing.

3. Estimated.

4. No date available.

Source: National Earthquake Information Center, U.S. Geological Survey. Data compiled from several sources.

The Ten Largest1 Earthquakes Since 1900

Below is a list of the largest earthquakes on record in the world. Magnitude, date, and location are also given.
1.ChileMay 22, 19609.5
2.Prince William Sound, AlaskaMarch 28, 196439.2
3.Andreanof Islands, Aleutian IslandsMarch 9, 19579.1
4.KamchatkaNov. 4, 19529.0
5.Off western coast of Sumatra, IndonesiaDec. 26, 20049.0
6.Off the coast of EcuadorJan. 31, 19068.8
7.Offshore Maule, ChileFeb. 27, 20108.8
8.Rat Islands, Aleutian IslandsFeb. 4, 19658.7
9.Northern Sumatra, IndonesiaMarch 28, 20058.7
10.India-China borderAug. 15, 19508.6

1. In terms of magnitude.

2. Moment magnitude.

3. March 28, 03:36:14 UT (March 27, 5:36 P.M. local time)

Source: National Earthquake Information Center, U.S. Geological Survey.

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Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Deadliest Earthquakes on Record," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019,
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