Foreshadowing: clues in a story that hint about what is going to happen later in the plot

-used to arouse the reader’s curiosity, to build suspense, and to help prepare the reader to

accept events that occur later in the story

READ:
Elements and Principles of Media Art

Point of View: the perspective from which a story is told.  There are three common POVs.

  • 3rd Person Limited POV: uses pronouns he, she, and they

tells the story from the perspective of one of the characters (so the reader learns this character’s thoughts and feelings)

READ:
Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina: Foreshadowing

the reader does not get access to other characters’ thoughts and feelings

  • 3rd Person Omniscient POV: uses pronouns he, she, and they

-the narrator is all-seeing and all-knowing

-the narrator share the thoughts and feelings of several characters

  • 1st Person POV: story is told by a character (major or minor)

uses pronouns I or we

sometimes we can trust this narrator, and sometimes we cannot

-a 1st person narrator will most often have a limited POV.

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