What is Religion?
- “Viewed from within, religion is a state of mind, a complex of beliefs and feelings about the forces which govern man’s life and situate it in the world.” (E.R.Dodds)
- The Greeks did not have a simple word for what we call religion; instead they spoke of ta theia, theon therapeia, and eusebeia.
The Concept of Hylozoism
- No distinction between matter and spirit
- Motion is indicative of life
- Thales’ remark, “All things are filled with gods”
- The world is informed by powerful supernatural forces
- The world is categorized by a spectrum of life
Polytheism and Anthropomorphism
- Nature/the world is not merely a reflection of a single transcendent deity, but is informed by numerous discrete deities.
- The deities are portrayed as human (i.e., anthropomorphic) figures
- This is the religious background to the Olympian gods
- The Greeks has a strong tendency towards personification
What is a God?
- The distinctive personality of a god is constituted and mediated by at least four different factors:
- Established local cult ( with its ritual programme and unique atmosphere)
- Divine name
- Names and myths can be spread abroad more easily than ritual
- Iconography transcends linguistic and cultural boundaries
Four Generations of Gods
- Gaia + Ouranos (Earth and sea)?
- Titans (Cronus and siblings)
- Zeus and siblings
- Children of Zeus
- Aphrodite (2 birth-myths)
- Dionysus (replaces Hestia)
Can We Help with Your Assignment?
Let us do your homework! Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. Free proofreading and copy-editing included.