• Phonetics – the study and classification of speech sound
  • Phonology – deals with systems of sounds
  • Morphology – the study of the forms of things, in particular

o   Linguistics the study of the forms of words.

Can We Help with Your Assignment?

Let us do your homework! Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. Free proofreading and copy-editing included.

  • Syntax – the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language
  • Semantics – the branch of linguistics and logic concerned with meaning.

What is Linguistics?

  • the scientific study of language
  • how it works, how it is used, how it changes
  • what does it mean to “know” a language?
  • make and interpret the meaningful sounds of the language
  • break down words and put them together
  • vocabulary and meanings of words
  • produce a correct sentence
  • and use appropriate sentences
  • how to use it appropriately

What is Language?

  • language makes us human
  • innate ability to learn language
  • all humans learn a language
  • language plays an important role in
  • communication
  • conveying thoughts, emotions
  • differentiating groups: social, national, cultural
  • language is a system regulated by rules – a grammar
  • language is a creative system
  • language is not writing
  • don’t need writing to have language
  • not all languages have writing systems
  • there can be more than one writing system per language
  • writing = physical representation of speech
  • writing is secondary to language – doesn’t need writing

Linguistic Knowledge

"Be Bold" No-Essay $10,000 Scholarship

The $10,000 “Be Bold” Scholarship is a no-essay scholarship that will be awarded to the applicant with the boldest profile. To us, boldest does not mean “best”, or “most accomplished”. Being bold means being: Earnest, Determined, Moving. The scholarship will be awarded to the student whose profile is most bold, according to these characteristics.

Chapter 4 LAB Activity: Eratosthenes and the Earth’s Circumference Answers

  • linguistic competence = what you know
  • ability to produce and understand an unlimited number of utterances
  • ability to recognize what does not belong in a language or is not acceptable
  • linguistic performance = how you use it
  • what we say and understand on a given occasion
  • may contain errors
  • incomplete representation of competence
  • linguistic knowledge is mostly unconscious knowledge

What linguists do…

  • analysis of rule system (grammar)
  • components of grammar (phonetics, phonology, syntax…. )
  • meaning, form and structure
  • describe grammar as it is used
  • track grammatical changes – languages are always changing and will continue to change
  • describe grammar
  • all languages have a grammar
  • all grammars are equal to linguists
  • all grammars are “good enough: for human expression
  • all languages are grammars change over tie
  • all grammars are alike in basic ways

What linguists don’t do

  • “a linguist speaks many languages”
  • linguistics is not the study of language in general, not the knowledge of specific languages
  • language is an abstract system regulated by rules; linguists are interested in the system
  • “a linguist knows how to speak properly”
  • “a proposition is not a good word to end a sentence with”
  • “it is a good idea to no split infinitives”
  • “I didn’t do nothing”

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments