• Muslim belief can be summarized in a creed called the Shahadah:

“There is no god but God and Muhammad is the messenger of God”

  • This idea is central to Islam, and all other beliefs and traditions are based on it


  • God’s proper name is Allah
  • Allah is omnipresent (all-present), omniscient (all-knowing), and omnipotent (all-powerful)
  • Since Allah is the creator and ruler of all things, our duty as humans is worship and submit to Allah
  • Islam means “submission to God” or “surrender to God’s will” (telling of the centrality of this idea)
  • Allah is a compassionate guide who will lead us to knowledge and fulfillment
  • All people are seen as equal under Allah (except for levels of peity), i.e. no concept of a chosen people

The Day of Judgement

  • Humans have a soul that lives one lifetime and then moves to an afterlife (i.e. not reincarnated into another body)
  • When a soul passes into the afterlife, it is judged by Allah and sent to heaven or hell, depending on the person’s actions on earth.
  • Very similar concept to Christianity and Judaism
author avatar
William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team)
William completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts in 2013. He current serves as a lecturer, tutor and freelance writer. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, walking his dog and parasailing. Article last reviewed: 2022 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2024 | Creative Commons 4.0

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