Telecommuting: Employees work at home, linked to the workplace by computers and fax machines.
Flex Time: Workers start and end their days on flexible schedules-for example, 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. instead of 9 to 5-within limits set by management.
Work sharing: To avoid layoffs, an organization’s work force might share the available work.
Job-Sharing: Two people share the responsibilities, salary, and benefits of one full-time job.
Permanent Part-Time: The employee works fewer hours, but enjoys the same job security and benefits as a full-time employee.
Compressed Work Week: Employees work longer hours for fewer days.
Phased Retirement: This allows people to retire gradually by reducing their hours of work.
Leave Time: The employee may be absent from work without loss of employment rights for such options as family leave, maternity leave, educational leave, sabbatical leave, and personal leave.