Festival

Descripton

Gurpurb

– connects to the lives of Gurus

– a holy day that connects to the birth or death of one of the Gurus…the birthday of Guru Nanak is called Gurpurb…most imp holy day, usually in November

– continuous reading of Sahib for 48 hrs is called Akhand Path…many info sessions on this Guru and pryares are done

Jore Melas– a number of these types of festivals – Baisakhi, Diwali, and Hola Mohalla

– provide opportunities for Sikhs to gather together

– Guru Amar Das, the 3rd Guru created Baisakhi and Diwali to divert the minds of the followers from Hinduism to reflect on the meaning of being Sikh

Baiskhi– usually occurs on either April 13 and 14

– purpose is to remind Sikhs of the fight against injustice …the story of the formation of Khalsa is told

– a day of thanksgiving…many gather at Amritsar, India to celebrate this day

Amritsar Massacre

·         in 1919 the British forbade the gathering at Amritsar for Baisakhi b/c they feared that the Sikhs would rise up against them

·         the Sikhs defied the British

·         as a result, 100s of Sikhs were killed

Diwali– takes place in either October or November

– it celebrates the imprisonment and release of Guru Hargobind (the 6th Guru)

History of the Sikh Diwali

·        in the 1600s during the Hindu Diwali, a Muslim King, Jehangir, offered to release Guru Hargobind

·        this Guru said he would only leave if 52 Hindu princes would be released as well.

·        Jehangir said these princes could go if they exited a narrow passage holding on to this Guru’s clothes.

·        Guru Hargobind had long tassels on his clothes, which all the princes held and were released

Hola Mohalla– occurs in the spring

– Sikhs gather to practise their martial arts skills

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