Factors affecting the absorption of alcohol

  • Body weight – greater volume of blood in a larger person keeps the blood alcohol level lower
  • Speed of drinking – faster alcohol is consumed the quicker the blood alcohol will rise
  • Food in stomach – food absorbs the alcohol in your body
  • Mix of drinks – alcohol and carbonated drinks speed absorption

–          milk and alcohol absorbs slower

  • Drink concentration – straight alcohol it absorbs quickly in blood stream.

–          alcohol and water absorbs slowly

  • Physical condition – under medication is easily affected than a healthier person

Why are teens at risk of developing substance use problem?

  • personal factors

–          mental/emotional well-being
–          personal factors(depression)
–          self-esteem and self-efficacy

  • behavioral factors

–          academic achievement
–          teens often use more than 1 substance
–          curiosity lead to experimentation

  • environmental factors

–          attitudes and values of parents and peers
–          advertising media
–          social and culture norms

  • physiological factors

–          developing brains and bodies are more sensitive to drugs

A drug is – any substance taken to damage how the body or mind works

Drug use is – ingesting, inhaling, absorbing or injecting a drug in order to change the way you think, act or feel without interfering with ones daily activities

Drug abuse

When the benefits of using a drug begin to replace valued experiences or responsibilities from before

Why do people take drugs?

    • curiosity
    • feel emotionally pressured
    • feel pressured by people around them(peer pressure)

Problems from drug abuse

  • health problems
  • personal problems
  • social problems
StimulantsDepressantsHallucinogensCannabis
  • uppers
  • they make you feel up or more energetic
  • nicotine
  • caffeine
  • amphetamines
  • cocaine
  • called downers
  • they make you feel calm or sleepy
  • alcohol
  • inhalants
  • sleeping pills
  • tranquilizers
  • heroin
  • all-rounders
  • they make you see things different for what is real
  • acid
  • dope or pot
  • come from the plant cannabis sativa
  • marijuana
  • hash

Factors that influence attitudes toward alcohol, tobacco and drugs

  • Family influences
  • influences of peers
  • availability
  • other
  • heredity
  • finances
  • religion
  • individual life circumstances
  • cultural beliefs and values

Drug use

AdvantagesDisadvantages
Personal
  • forget family for a while
  • deal with stress
  • rebel against parents
  • hurt body
  • get addicted
  • against religion
Social
  • to be the “real me”
  • to imitate role models
  • bullying
  • may let friends down
  • lose friends
  • often friends change
Performance at work or school
  • stay awake
  • feel creative
  • focus better
  • cant sleep
  • lose employment
  • less motivated
Health/physical
  • control pain
  • control weight
  • stay awake
  • become unnourished
  • damage major organs
  • get infections easily
Financial
  • cost of purchasing drugs
Legal
  • purchase and use of various substances
  • jeopardize opportunities in the future

Substance use and abuse chart

cannabisalcoholtobaccocaffeine
DescriptionSmoked in pipes or joints. 3rd most popular drug used by teensMost popular drug for youth and teens. Made for grapesCrushed, dried leaves of tobacco plant. 2nd popular drugFrom a plant including tea, coffee. Most widely used drug in the world
Other namesHash, THC, pot, ragweed, dopeBeer, wine, brewSmokes, sticks, butts
Short-term effectsGet high and become more relaxed and talkativePerson feels relaxed and may not be able to think clearlyPulse rate and blood pressure will riseEvaluate mood, increases amount of urine produced
Long-term effectsPersons level of sex hormones may decreaseInflamed stomach or pancreas. Cirrhosis of the liverBe shot of breath and cough often. cancersDaily use in low to moderate doses = no harmful effects
Legal statusillegalLegal ages to consumeIllegal to sell if you are under agedNo laws
Stimulant, depressant, hallucinogensdepressantstimulant

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