There are many side effects associated with the use of steroids.  Some steroids lead to more side effects than others.  Usually, the more effective the steroid the more negative effects the user will see. Water Retention, Acne, Gynecomastia, Aggression, hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Palpitations, Impotence, and Jaundice are only some of the side effects.

The most common side effect is water retention which causes puffiness or swelling in the neck and facial area.  It is rather noticeable especially if you know the person is on steroids.  Acne is a very common side effect.  It can give someone acne who has never had it before and it can make acne worse for others.  It can appear in new places such as the back and neck.

Gynecomastia is the formation of breast or abnormally large glands.  The first signs are lumps under the nipples which grow to fatty tissue and increase in size the longer the steroids are used.  Another side effect of steroid usage is Aggression also known as road rage.  Many times steroid users find themselves fighting more with family, friends, and coworkers.

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High blood pressure can also happen during continued use of steroids.   If someone is using steroids they should get blood pressure tests regularly.  High blood pressure can lead to more serious diseases such as Cardiovascular or heart disease.  This is because steroids affect cholesterol levels.  Over a period of time, the cholesterol builds up and clogs the arteries.  Heart palpitations have been reported by a number of athletes on steroids.  This may indicate an elevated level of the central nervous system.

After prolonged use of steroids Impotence can occur.  High dosages of steroids can cause Jaundice which is a serious liver disease that is found by an enlarged painful liver, yellowing of the eyes and skin, and flu-like symptoms.

Anabolic Steroids are intended for people with health-related problems and not athletes looking to gain muscle mass.  Many body builders and athletes abuse steroids.  However, the abuse is also among regular people who are disappointed with their bodies.  They abuse steroids to shed unwanted fat, or put on some weight.    The symptoms of steroid abuse in males are:

  • Quick and large muscle gains
  • Aggressive behavior and violent temper
  • Severe acne on shoulders, neck, and face.
  • Premature balding
  • Abnormal breast development
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The symptoms of steroid abuse in females are “man like” features, such as:

  • Deeper voice
  • Increase in body hair
  • Development of the jaw.
  • Smaller breasts
  • Fewer menstrual cycles.
Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Side Effects of Steroid Abuse," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019, https://schoolworkhelper.net/side-effects-of-steroid-abuse/.

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