Deficiencies in the Articles of Confederation

  • No separate executive branch to carry out the laws of Congress.
  • No national judiciary to handle offenses against the central government’s laws or to settle disputes between states.
  • Congress did not have the power to levy taxes.
  • Congress could not regulate interstate and foreign commerce.
  • The states as well as Congress had the power to coin money.
  • Congress could not support an army or navy and was dependent on state militias.
  • Nine states had to approve every law.
  • Amendment of the Articles required unanimous consent.
The Bill of Rights
First AmendmentFreedom of religion, speech, the press, peaceable assembly, and petition
Second AmendmentThe right to keep and bear arms
Third AmendmentProhibits quartering of troops in citizens’ homes
Fourth AmendmentProtection against unreasonable searches and seizures
Fifth AmendmentRules against taking of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
Protection against self-incrimination
Sixth AmendmentA person accused of a crime has a right to a defense lawyer, speedy and public trial, the right to hear charges, call witnesses, and be present when witnesses speak in court
Seventh AmendmentThe right to trial by jury
Eighth AmendmentProtection against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishments
Ninth AmendmentThe rights enumerated in the Constitution are not a person’s only rights
Tenth AmendmentPowers not delegated to the U.S. nor prohibited to the states are reserved to the states or to the people
Checks and Balances
Executive Branchcan veto laws
can call special sessions of Congress
controls enforcement of laws
nominates judges
can pardon people convicted of federal crimes
Legislative Branchcan impeach President and other high officials
Senate approves Presidential appointments
Senate approves treaties
can override presidential vetoes
exercises power of the purse
Judicial Branchcan declare laws or presidential actions unconstitutional
lifetime appointments

Leave a Reply

Be the First to Comment!

avatar
wpDiscuz