1. LOCATION

Position on the earth’s surface.

There are two types of location:

  1. Absolute Location – a specific (exact) reference of something

Examples: address, latitude and longitude, etc.

  1. Relative Location – description of where something is in relation to other things; approximation

Examples: north of the lake, next to the school, etc.

2. PLACE

Physical and human characteristics that give a place its unique image.

Examples: the Niagara Escarpment, ethnic make up, population density, etc.

Questions: What is it like there?

3. HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION

The ways and means by which people change the environment and how they (the people) are modified by the environment.

Examples: where we live, what we eat, deforestation, urban sprawl, etc.

Questions: How do humans use the land?  How does the environment affect us?

4. MOVEMENT

The movement of people (migration), goods (transportation), and ideas (communication).

Examples: radio, moving to a new house/country, food coming from other countries, etc.

5. REGION

Characteristics of place that has similar features over a large region (soils, vegetation, landforms, land uses) that make them distinctly different form surrounding areas.

Examples: Prairies, Boreal Shield, “Southern Ontario”, or it may also be defined by a political boundary.

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