80 % of Canadians live in cities
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cities are broken up into 6 major land-use groups – residential, transportation, institutional and public buildings, open space and recreational land, industrial, and commercial
Residential Land Use
Where people live includes low (houses), medium (town houses) and high density (apartment buildings)
Takes up 40% of land in cities
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Residential density (# of housing units/hectare) is affected by cost of land, and the age of the neighbourhood (older neighbourhoods have higher densities)
Transportation Land Use
Takes up 33% of urban areas
Three main parts – vehicles, travel paths, and terminal facilities
Vehicles include both private and public.
Private vehicles range from bikes to motorbikes to cars and trucks. Public vehicles include mass-transit systems such as bus, subway, or light rail line
Mass-rapid transit far more economical and practical. Large use of private vehicles cause massive traffic problems
Travel paths include expressways, arterial roads (main city rds such as Kennedy or Dixie), and local roads
Terminal Facilities include parking lots, train stations, airports and bus stations
Commercial Land Use
Takes up only 5% of urban areas, but are very important to local economies
Buying and selling of goods (plazas, shopping malls), banks, or anything classified as ‘business’
Three levels of products
Low order products – daily, or almost daily, convenience store items such as candy bar, milk, lottery tickets, newspaper
Medium order products – products purchased less often, include CD’s, clothes, sporting goods
High order products – can be expensive, niche markets, includes TV’s, rock climbing gear, bikes
Five main types of commercial land use –Local convenience stores, Neighbourhood plazas, community shopping malls, regional shopping malls, Central Business District (CBD) also known as downtown
Industrial Land Use
Takes up about 6% of developed land – Includes factories, warehousing, and shipping products
Institutional and Public Buildings
10 % of urban land – includes schools, hospitals, government offices, churches
Open space and recreational land
Takes up 7% of land. Includes parks, playgrounds, playing fields, golf courses, arenas
Land use patterns are affected by land value (downtown worth more than the suburbs – where would you build a golf course), Zoning – cities can pass laws restricting types of development. Can zone an area for residential buildings only, or just commercial, or light commercial (restaurants)
Rural Urban Fringe – surrounds every city in Canada, where urban land uses replace rural activities
e.g. sandalwood bridge has farms to the north
urban sprawl -Is this a good or bad thing, and why – urban expansion vs urban development?