• LAW is a set of rules of conduct, established by government, for all members of society to obey and follow.

The Function of Law

  • 1. Regulates conduct- acts as a deterrent i.e. if you do “x” you face punishment “y”.
  • 2. Avoids or Settles disputes – Contract law sets out rules for making & enforcing agreements.
  • 3.  Set out rights and obligations- for example the Charter of Rights limits the government’s authority over citizens.
  • 4.  Provides remedies- if your rights have been violated under the law, the law provides a system of recourse.
  • 5. Maintains Order & provides protection- prohibits certain acts & provides for an authority-(police) to protect us.
  • 6. Sets up the structure of government- The Constitution Act assigns power & duties to the various levels of government.
  • 7. Directs how to make laws- The Parliament.


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