Fundamental Freedoms

Reflect civil liberties that imply we are free to do what is not prohibited by law

These include:

(a) freedom of conscience and religion;

(b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication;

(c) freedom of peaceful assembly; and

(d) freedom of association.

Food for thought:

  • If I think about committing a crime, is that a crime?
  • If I express a belief in a criminal activity, for example legalizing Marijuana, is that a crime?
  • If I get together with a group of people and burn a Canadian Flag is that a crime?

Democratic Rights

The power to alter basic laws and forms of government through voting

It is absolute (for those over age 18)

Mobility Rights

The quality of being able to move freely

Legal Rights

Rights relating to law of the processes of law

Equality Rights

Rights that make sure laws and policies promote full participation in society by everyone

Are equality rights absolute?  NO (not everyone can purchase alcohol, not everybody can drive)

Language Rights

Rights explaining the equal status of French and English in Parliament

Minority Language Rights

Provides for minority education rights in English and French only and for Canadian citizens

Provisions of education in a minority language are taken out of public funds only if there are a sufficient number of citizens to warrant the service (and the term sufficient is described by the province)

Aboriginal Rights

Inherent, collective rights which flow from their original occupation of Canada

Heritage Rights

Canada’s multicultural heritage should be considered when forming and interpreting legislation

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