- The dramatic fallacy: offenses in the media that are publicized are far more dramatic than those commonly found in real life= ex: shoot out, romantic murder
- The cops-and-courts fallacy: warns us against overrating the latter, except as a responsive set of agencies: ex: few convictions based on trials they are plea-bargained
- The not me fallacy: the illusion that I could never do a crime. It denies every illegal act I ever committed
- The innocent-youth fallacy: the belief that being young means innocent
- Ingenuity fallacy: the false image of the criminal derived from the media also creates this.
- Organized crime fallacy: the tendency to attribute much greater organization to crime conspiracies then they usually have. There are three basic principles of crime conspiracy:
– act quickly to escape detection and minimize danger from other offenders
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– have direct contact with as few co-offenders as possible to avoid betrayal
– work as little as possible to get a lot of money
- The juvenile gang fallacy: juvenile hangs have a remarkable image as cohesive, ruthless organized groups of alienated youths who dominate local crime and this has led the public to misunderstand the more common dangers
- the welfare state fallacy: people making the mistake of assuming that crime is part of a larger set of social evils, such as unemployment, poverty, social injustice and human suffering
- The agenda fallacy: many people have a agenda and hope you will assist them. They want you to take advice, to vote a certain way, or to join their religious group. The basic moral sequence is supposed to be as follows:
– teach and preach morality to people
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– they then do what’s right in practice
– that prevents crime
- The whatever-you-think fallacy: allows criminologists to wriggle out of responsibility. Crime is subjective and its justice system manufacture crime y changing the definition. The law-in-action sequence helps explain how crime can be universal even if laws and enforcement vary:
– societies have some general problems that need solutions
– sometimes problems lead to written laws
– written law are enforced
– enforcement helps reduce the problem
– legal action generates other problems