Saint Charles at the Four Fountains

  • Designed by the architect Francesco Borromini
  • Seems elastic
  • Effect of movement
  • Lots of lights and darks

Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

  • Designed and completed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, the leading sculptor of his day
  • Depicts St. Theresa’s vision in which an angel pierced her heart with a golden arrow
  • Movement and emotion- central aspects of baroque art


  • life-size marble sculpture by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • example of sculpture in the round- viewer must move around the work to see it completely
  • Implied movement (coiled stance)
  • Very theatrical

The Conversion of St. Paul

  • By Caravaggio
    • The moment St. Paul receives his message from god
    • Great example of chiaroscuro
    • Dramatic movement and emotion

Judith and the Maid Servant with the Head of Holofernes

  • By Gentileschi
    • Judith beheading the General Holofernes
    • She seduces him with wine and good looks and then chops off his head…
    • Chiaroscuro – Drama, movement, emotion

The Raising of the Cross

  • By Rubens
  • Flowing movement
  • Pyramidal configuration

The Night Watch

  • Rembrandt
  • Rembrandt painted everyday events, historical subjects and landscapes
  • Light, shadow and atmosphere
  • Movement and drama- captures a moment in time

The Love Letter

  • Genre painting by Vermeer
  • A servant maid handing a letter to a young woman with a lute
  • Curtain creates the impression this is a private scene
  • Painting on wall suggests the letter is form a sailor at sea
  • Vermeer used a ‘camera obscura’

Las Meninas

  • a 1656 painting by Diego Velázquez, the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age
  • We see what the king and queen would have seen
  • Blurred figures imply movement
  • Captures a moment in time
author avatar
William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team)
William completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts in 2013. He current serves as a lecturer, tutor and freelance writer. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, walking his dog and parasailing. Article last reviewed: 2022 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2024 | Creative Commons 4.0


  1. You include an image of Caravaggio’s Judith Beheading Holofernes instead of Gentileschi’s Judith Slaying Holofernes, which I believe you meant to put instead.

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