|Panoply||A vast and impressive array – or the complete armor of a hoplite.||There was a panoply of snacks on the party table.|
|Phalanx||A formation of heavily armed infantry soldiers, moving in close ranks as a single unit.||The phalanx system was a brutal but effective form of Grecian warfare.|
|Oligarchy||Government by the few – where a few people rule the many.||Ancient Sparta was an oligarchy.|
|Aristocracy||A class of people holding exceptional rank and privileges.||In the French Revolution, the pampered aristocracy were overthrown by the oppressed poor.|
|Democracy||A form of government ruled by the people.||In a democracy, the public choose their leader.|
|Tyranny||A form of government where one man holds unrestrained and absolute power.||Josef Stalin ruled a tyranny in the early Soviet Union.|
|Usurper||One who seizes an office or power by force or without the legal right to do so.||In Shakespeare’s Richard II, Bolingbroke is a usurper to the crown of Richard.|
|Hellespont||A thin strait separating European and Asian Turkey.||Xerxes brought a giant army across the Hellespont to invade Greece.|
|Epic||Denoting a long poetic composition centered on a hero and his exploits and dramas.||The epics of Homer are famous for their scope and imagination.|
|City-state||A sovereign state consisting of a city and its dependent territories.||Ancient Greece was separated into many city-states, or poleis.|
Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Greek Terminology: Terms & Definitions," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019, https://schoolworkhelper.net/greek-terminology-terms-definitions/.
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