Relationship DescriptionEvidence
Claudius and GertrudeGertrude is trusting of ClaudiusWhen Hamlet kills polonius, Gertrude confides in Claudius.
Claudius loves Gertrude to an extentClaudius stops Gertrude from drinking the poisoned wine that was meant for Hamlet.
Gertrude protects ClaudiusGertrude is always defending Claudius. For example, when Claudius is disturbed by Hamlet’s play, she promises to put an end to Hamlet’s behaviour.
Claudius and HamletHamlet despises ClaudiusHamlet is bitter toward Claudius because he killed late King Hamlet and took Gertrude from him as well.
Claudius fears HamletClaudius sees Hamlet as a threat because Hamlet knows about Claudius’ crime and Claudius knows what Hamlet is capable of in defending his father.
Claudius and Hamlet compete for Gertrude’s love/attentionIn Gertrude’s chamber (before Hamlet kills Polonius), Hamlet pleads for Gertrude to stay away from Claudius. When Claudius suggests that Hamlet should see him as a father, part of his intent is to boast the fact that Claudius has Gertrude’s love.
Hamlet and LaertesLaertes doesn’t respect HamletLaertes tells Ophelia that Hamlet’s love is untrue, that he isn’t trustworthy, and she should stay away from him.
Hamlet feels superior to LaertesHamlet thinks he is a better swordsman and loves Ophelia more than Laertes.
Hamlet and Laertes are in competitionLaertes tries to convince Ophelia to stop seeing Hamlet. Hamlet wants to duel with Laertes when he discovers Laertes’ skill.
Polonius and LaertesPolonius does not trust LaertesPolonius sends Reynaldo to France to check up on Laertes.
Polonius cares for LaertesPolonius gives Laertes a long advising lecture about how he can succeed in France.
Laertes truly loves PoloniusLaertes tries to avenge Polonius’ death and give him a proper and honourable funeral.
Hamlet and the GhostThe Ghost grounds HamletWhen Hamlet verbally abuses Gertrude, the Ghost comes and tells him to calm down and remember his purpose.
Hamlet is skeptical of the Ghost’s intentionsHamlet puts on a play to check if the Ghost was telling the truth.
. The Ghost influences Hamlet’s actionsAfter hearing the Ghost’s story, Hamlet decides to take revenge.
Gertrude and HamletGertrude is loyal to HamletWhen Gertrude discovers the wine is poisoned, she immediately tells Hamlet he shouldn’t drink it.
Gertrude is scared of HamletGertrude asks Hamlet if he is going to kill her almost immediately after he enters her chambers.
Hamlet is obsessed with GertrudeHamlet is more upset with Gertrude’s remarrying than with his father’s murder.
Hamlet and OpheliaHamlet is emotionally abusive to OpheliaHamlet sends mixed sexual messages to Ophelia.
Ophelia loves HamletOphelia is reluctant to believe Polonius when he says that Hamlet does not love her.
Ophelia deceives HamletOphelia allows Claudius and Polonius to spy on her.
Rozencrantz and Guildenstern and ClaudiusR&G are loyal to ClaudiusR&G go to try and find out what is wrong with Hamlet at Claudius’ bidding.
Claudius controls R&GR&G obey Claudius’ every command without question.
R&G respect the hierarchyR&G are loyal to Claudius because he is the most powerful.
Hamlet and HoratioTrustingHamlet sends Horatio a letter telling him of his plan to come back.
SupportiveHe helped Hamlet with his plans and gave Claudius the letter as he was instructed.
LoyaltyHe offered to die with Hamlet even though Hamlet told him not to.
Hamlet and Rozencrantz and GuildensternDistrustingHe suspects them of being in cahoots with the king and queen.
CaringIn the beginning, R&G did have his best interests in mind and came from England to help.
DisloyalR&G take the side of the king and queen instead of helping Hamlet. They’re supposed to be Hamlet’s friends but they have ulterior motives.
Polonius and OpheliaSubmissiveOphelia drops all feelings for Hamlet and starts ignoring him because her father tells her to.
ControllingPolonius disregards her emotions for his personal agenda.
CaringPolonius is looking out for Ophelia’s best interest when he tells her not to see Hamlet anymore.
Laertes and OpheliaLovingLaertes was loving in a parental way toward Ophelia.
RespectShe idolizes and listens to what he has to say.
ProtectiveLaertes thinks he needs to watch over her and protects her.
Hamlet and Gertrude’s Relationship in Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet’


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Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Hamlet Character Relationships," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019,
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R. Talini
R. Talini
3 years ago

thanks for the help!