Early Life

  • Born April 22, 1724-Köningsberg
  • Artisan Pietist family
  • Taught hard-work, honesty, cleanliness and independence
  • Attended University of Köningsberg
  • Tutored and then taught at the University

Key Works

  • Three Critiques
  • Critique of Pure Reason
  • Critique of Practical Reason
  • Critique of Judgement
  • Critique of Pure Reason
  • Very long and very complex
  • Determine the limits and scope of Pure Reason (Reason without use of senses)
  • Made distinctions between synthetic and analytic and between a posteriori and a priori knowledge

In all judgments in which the relation of a subject to the predicate is thought (if I only consider affirmative judgments, since the application to negative ones is easy) this relation is possible in two different ways. Either the predicate B belongs to the subject A as something that is (covertly) contained in this concept A; or B lies entirely outside the concept A, though to be sure it stands in connection with it. In the first case, I call the judgment analytic, in the second synthetic.

Can We Help with Your Assignment?

Let us do your homework! Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. Free proofreading and copy-editing included.

Synthetic

  • Some ophthalmologists are ill-humoured.
  • If Holmes killed Sikes, the Watson is dead.

Analytic

  • All ophthalmologists are doctors.
  • If Holmes killed Sikes, the Sikes is dead.

Rationalism and Empiricism

  • Believed both were insufficient to answer origin of human knowledge
  • Uses transcendental argument to prove new theory
  • Mind has set structure in order to interrupt information but no content-which must be gathered from experience
READ:
Georg Simon Ohm: Biography & Physicist

Critique of Practical Reason

  • First major work in ethics
  • So what is moral and who does it apply to?
  • People are ends themselves and not means to achieve an end
  • Can’t prevent others from following moral laws
  • Ideal society=people as both the authors and subjects of  moral law
  • Believes physical law applies to appearances, and our through our will we act with the idea of freedom (free will=deliberation and reflection to act a certain way)
  • Immortality, freedom and god although objects man can never know are essential to moral philosophy

Supreme Moral Principle

  • Act only on a maxim that you can will to be a universal law.“
  • Two perfect duties- No suicide or deceitful promises.
  • Two imperfect duties-“Act as if the maxim[Truth] of your action would become a universal law of nature.“ and humanity is an end not a means.

Critique of Judgement

  • Most famous for the comments on aesthetics-called judgements of taste
  • They are universal due to lack of individual needs/wants
  • Beauty is immediate and harmony is present, mind is not restricted

Middle Life and Later Life

  • He continued to teach at the university until a few years before his death
  • Very particular and orderly
  • After third Critique his health declined and couldn’t complete many planned works
  • On Feb.12, 1804 his last words “Es ist gut”

Contributions to Society and Legacy

  • First to move beyond Rationalism and empiricism
  • Influential in Prussia and lead to German Idealism
  • Major influence on analytic and continental philosophy
  • Theory of Knowledge and other thoeries

guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments