Shia

  • Are believed to be the descendants from Muhammad through his daughter Fatima and son-in-law Ali.
  • It is believed that they are the best source of knowledge about the Qur’an and Islam
  • This is the key difference between followers of Muhammad’s family and descendants from the followers of Caliph Abu Baker

Sunni

  • They are the largest denomination of Muslims around the world.
  • The word Sunni comes from the word Sunnah, which means words or action.
  • Followers of this denomination are believers that Abu Baker is the messenger of Muhammad.

Hazara

  • An ethnic group who mainly reside in the Central regions of Afghanistan, which is referred to as Hazarajat.
  • They are predominantly Shi’a Muslims and speak Hazara
  • There are approximately 3 million in Afghanistan and 1.3 million in Iran
  • Many live in Iran, Pakistan, New Zealand & Australia

Pashtun

  • In ethno-linguistic terms they are descendants of Iran
  • Primarily reside in eastern and southern Afghanistan
  • They are typically Pashto speakers and strongly adhere to Islamic principles
  • Gained a lot of attention for the Soviet invasion in 1979 and for the rise of the Taliban

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