HORMONEGLAND ORIGINTARGET TISSUEFUNCTION
AdrenocorticotropicPituitary gland (anterior)Adrenal cortexTriggers secretion of hydrocortisone from the adrenal gland
Growth hormonePituitary gland (anterior)Throughout bodyStimulates growth and development
Follicle-stimulating hormonePituitary gland (anterior)Sex glandsStimulates female egg maturation and male sperm production
Luteinizing hormonePituitary gland (anterior)Sex glandsStimulates female ovulation and male secretion of testosterone
ProlactinPituitary gland (anterior)Mammary glandsStimulates milk production in the breasts after childbirth
Thyroid-stimulating hormonePituitary gland (anterior)Thyroid glandTriggers secretion of thyroid hormones
Melanocyte-stimulating hormonePituitary gland (anterior)Melanin-producing cellsControls skin pigmentation
Antidiuretic hormonePituitary gland (posterior)KidneysRegulates water retention and blood pressure
OxytocinPituitary gland (posterior)Uterus

Mammary glands

Triggers contraction of the uterus during labor
Stimulates milk letdown for breast-feeding after childbirth
MelatoninPineal glandBrain (Suprachiasmatic nuclei)Regulates circadian rhythm (awake/sleep patterns) and prevent jet lag
CalcitoninThyroid glandBonesControls the level of calcium in the blood by depositing it in the bones
Thyroid hormoneThyroid glandThroughout bodyIncreases the body’s metabolic rate; promotes normal growth and development
Parathyroid hormoneParathyroid glandsBones, intestines, and kidneysRegulates calcium level in blood
ThymosinThymusWhite blood cellsPromotes the growth and development of white blood cells, helping the body fight infection
AldosteroneAdrenal glandKidneysRegulates sodium and potassium levels in the blood to control blood pressure
HydrocortisoneAdrenal glandThroughout bodyPlays key role in stress response; increases blood glucose levels and mobilizes fat stores; reduces inflammatation
EpinephrineAdrenal glandMuscles and blood vesselsIncreases blood pressure, heart and metabolic rate, and blood sugar levels; dilates blood vessels. Also released during exercise
NorepinephrineAdrenal glandMuscles and blood vesselsIncreases blood pressure and heart rate; constricts blood vessels
GlucagonPancreasLiverStimulates the breakdown of glycogen (stored carbohydrate) into glucose (blood sugar); regulates glucose blood level
InsulinPancreasThroughout bodyRegulates blood glucose levels; increases storage of glycogen; facilitates glucose intake by body cells
EstrogenOvariesFemale reproductive systemCauses sexual development and growth; maintains proper functioning of female reproductive system
ProgesteroneOvariesMammary glands
Uterus
Prepares uterus for pregnancy
TestosteroneTestesThroughout bodyCauses sexual development and growth spurt; maintains proper functioning of male reproductive system
ErythropoietinKidneyBone MarrowProduces red blood cells

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Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Major Hormones: Origin, Target, Function," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019, https://schoolworkhelper.net/major-hormones-origin-target-function/.
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Masq
Masq
13 days ago

What is the target cell of Pineal Gland?

Hannah
Hannah
11 months ago

What is the target tissue of Thyroxine and triiodothyronine

Talesher P.
Talesher P.
Reply to  Hannah
1 month ago

Every cell in the body

Angelica Molina
Angelica Molina
1 year ago

Can I use this on my assignment?

Jake C
Jake C
1 year ago

What are the target organ/cells of the hypothalamus?

Talesher P.
Talesher P.
Reply to  Jake C
1 month ago

The hypothalamic-pituitary target organ axis is the Thyroid, the adrenal glands, and the gonads

Kira Tymen
Kira Tymen
2 years ago

Melatonin is not skin pigmentation!!!! Melanin is skin pigmentation. Melatonin is sleep-wake cycle and circadian rhythm.
Organ: Pineal Gland
Target: BRAIN

kenneth arances
kenneth arances
3 years ago

what is the target cells of vasopressin?

Srikanth V
Srikanth V
Reply to  kenneth arances
2 years ago

Target-nephron ( exactly in collecting duct)
Which is used to retention of water from renal filtrate.

Talesher P.
Talesher P.
Reply to  kenneth arances
1 month ago

In the kidneys, vasopressin acts on the cells of the collecting ducts.

Nikki
Nikki
4 years ago

What are the target organ for growth hormone, Antidiuretic hormone
(ADH) and melatonin??

Jordan
Jordan
Reply to  Nikki
4 years ago

ADH
Target Tissue: Kidneys
Growth Hormone
Target Tissue: secreted through the whole body
Melatonin:
Target Tissue: Brain