Name of ColonyDate FoundedReason For Colony’s EstablishmentFounderPrimary Economic Base
Plymouth (Massachusetts)1620Separatists who desired to remain separate from the Anglican Church went to PlymouthWilliam BradfordAgriculture(fishing, corn), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)
Salem (Massachusetts)1630English society was corrupt and as many people needed to be evacuated as possibleJohn WinthropAgriculture(fishing, corn), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding)
New Hampshire (fishing village)1623To establish a fishing villageJohn MasonAgriculture (Fish)
Exeter (New Hampshire, official discovery)1638Founded by John Wheelright who was banished for defending his outlawed sister Anne HutchinsonJohn WheelrightAgriculture (potatoes and fishing), Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding)
Providence (Rhode Island)1636Disagreed with the theocracy being created in Rhode Island and was expelledRoger WilliamsAgriculture (meat, dairy,fishing), Manufacturing (Lumbering)
Connecticut(Hartford, Wethersfield, Windsor)1636-1639Thomas Hooker left Massachusetts after being left out of leadership. He started his own colony in Connecticut.Thomas HookerAgriculture (wheat, corn, fishing)

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Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "New England Colonies," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019,
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