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|Theory||Who?||Main Concepts||Relationships Related||Theoretical Perspective|
|Natural Selection||Evolutionary psychologists||-women prefer to mate with men who would be good fathers and who would stay around to be good providers
-men preferred to mate with women who could bear healthy babies who could feed their children
|-could apply to any given relationship; especially for men and women who plan to have children in their futures||-purpose of marriage to bear as many children as possible; to maintain population|
|Sexual Attraction||David Buss; American Psychologist||-people’s behaviour as they interact with potential partners is still patterned to enable them to select the person with whom they can raise the most successful children
-women attracted to men who have the qualities of successful providers
-men attracted to physically appealing women
|-any relationship (applies to all)|
|Social homogamy||sociologists||-individuals are attracted to people from a similar social background||-couples who are interracial, but grew up in the same society||-even though couples may come from different ethnic backgrounds, they’re socialized in the same environment, giving them similar aspects in their social background|
|Ideal mate theory||psychologists||-attraction is based on an individual’s unconscious image of the ideal mate formed from his/her meanings of characteristics
-“love at first sight”
|-couples from the same social networks||-supports social homogamy; ideal mate formed from pleasant or negative experiences with other individuals in childhood|
|Love Triangle||Robert Sternberg; American Psychologist||-romantic love has three faces;
-passion; a strong feeling of sexual desire for another
-intimacy; each individual shares themselves with another and becomes willing to meet the other’s psychological needs
-commitment; maintaining the relationship grows as the rewards of this relationship over others become evident; individuals accept roles
|-romantic compassionate love in North American Couples
-couples who feel they’re falling “head over heels in love”
|-falling “head over heels in love” from high levels of PEA (phenyl ethylamine)|
|Romantic Love||Helen Harris||-romantic love is a desperate need to connect and a hear of being alone
-described through seven attributes including emotional merger, desire for exclusivity, idealization of a love object, and reordering motivational properties.
|-couples at the beginning stages of romantic love; stages right before marriage||-desire to be loved psychologically|