Was a German medical doctor, psychologist, physiologist, and a professor.
Widely known as the father of experimental psychology
Studied from many universities in Germany specially in medicine
the first one in history to be called a ‘psychologist’
Best Known for:
Introspection (observation or examination of one’s own mental and emotional state, mental processes)
Establishment of the first psychology laboratory – he opened a lab in Leipzig, Germany. The opening of this lab was known as the official beginning of psychology as a field of science separate that philosophy and physiology.
Influence and beliefs:
Wundt’s revolutionary approach to psychological experimentation moved psychological study from the domain of philosophy and the natural sciences and began to utilize physiological experimental techniques in the laboratory.
He pioneered the concept of stating mental events in relation to objectively knowable and measurable stimuli and reactions.
Wundt perceived psychology as part of an elaborate philosophy where mind is seen as an activity, not a substance.
The basic mental activity was designated by Wundt as ‘apperception’.
Introspection became, for Wundt, the primary tool of experimental psychology.
In Wundt’s 1893 edition of Physiological Psychology, he published the ‘tridimensional theory of feeling’: feelings were classified as pleasant or unpleasant, tense or relaxed, excited or depressed.
A feeling could be more than one and/or a combination of many at a particular time.
He showed that psychology is a valid experimental science.
Wundt was associated with the theoretical perspective known as structuralism, which involves describing the structures that compose the mind.
He believed that psychology was the science of conscious experience and that trained observers could accurately describe thoughts, feelings, and emotions through a process known as introspection.
St. Rosemary Educational Institution. "Wilhelm Wundt: Biography and Contributions." http://schoolworkhelper.net/. St. Rosemary Educational Institution, Last Update: 2016. Web. Retrieved on: Thursday 28th July 2016. http://schoolworkhelper.net/wilhelm-wundt-biography-and-contributions/.