Wilhelm Wundt Biography and Contributions

   
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Introduction:

  • Real name: Wilhelm Maximilian WundtWilhelm Wundt Wilhelm Wundt Biography and Contributions
  • Was a German medical doctor, psychologist, physiologist, and a professor.
  • Widely known as the father of experimental psychology
  • Studied from many universities in Germany specially in medicine
  • the first one in history to be called a ‘psychologist’

Best Known for:

  • Structuralism
  • Introspection (observation or examination of one’s own mental and emotional state, mental processes)
  • Establishment of the first psychology laboratory – he opened a lab in Leipzig, Germany. The opening of this lab was known as the official beginning of psychology as a field of science separate that philosophy and physiology.

Influence and beliefs:

  • Wundt’s revolutionary approach to psychological experimentation moved psychological study from the domain of philosophy and the natural sciences and began to utilize physiological experimental techniques in the laboratory.
  • He pioneered the concept of stating mental events in relation to objectively knowable and measurable stimuli and reactions.
  • Wundt perceived psychology as part of an elaborate philosophy where mind is seen as an activity, not a substance.
  • The basic mental activity was designated by Wundt as ‘apperception’.
  • Introspection became, for Wundt, the primary tool of experimental psychology.
  • In Wundt’s 1893 edition of Physiological Psychology, he published the ‘tridimensional theory of feeling’: feelings were classified as pleasant or unpleasant, tense or relaxed, excited or depressed.
  • A feeling could be more than one and/or a combination of many at a particular time.
  • He showed that psychology is a valid experimental science.
  • Wundt was associated with the theoretical perspective known as structuralism, which involves describing the structures that compose the mind.
  • He believed that psychology was the science of conscious experience and that trained observers could accurately describe thoughts, feelings, and emotions through a process known as introspection.

Structuralism:

  • Describes the structures that compose the mind.
  • Conscious experience can be broken down into basic conscious elements.
  • Structuralism relied on a method called
 

Citation


St. Rosemary Educational Institution. "Wilhelm Wundt Biography and Contributions." http://schoolworkhelper.net/. St. Rosemary Educational Institution, Last Update: 2014. Web. Retrieved on: Friday 25th April 2014. http://schoolworkhelper.net/wilhelm-wundt-biography-and-contributions/.

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