• Richard Bedford (R.B.) Bennett replaces King as P.M. in 1930
  • Bennet promises work for all, $20 million for emergency funds and to deal with foreign trade policies
  • His policies did little to help the economic conditions in Canada
  • Bennett set up relief camps for single unemployed men
  • Men worked cutting brush and building roads for $0.20 a day
  • Dissatisfaction with Relief camp life lead to the ON-TO-OTTAWA TREK

On-To-Ottawa Trek

  • In 1935 thousands of men fed up with B.C. Relief camps board trains bound for Ottawa to protest to the government
  • As the men moved east, they were joined by new men
  • They wanted economic reforms (minimum wage, unemployment insurance)
  • They were stopped in Regina by the RCMP (a riot broke out where many were injured and one police officer lost his life)

Regional Effects

The West

  • Economy was dependant on wheat; unfortunately drought and grasshoppers destroyed crops in the 1930’s
  • $1.60 a bushel in 1929 for wheat to $0.38 in 1932

Central Canada

  • Cut back production in factories that produced farm machinery
  • Small businesses were hit really hard—many bankruptcies
  • Large corporations still managed to record profits in all but one year during the depression


  • Did not benefit from boom in the 1920’s therefore economic decline did not seem so severe
  • Depended on exports of fish, timber and coal
  • These markets declined therefore there were layoffs and reduces work hours


  • Desperate conditions
  • Not yet part of Canada—no government relief from Canada
  • Nfld.  Government went into debt
  • British commissions took over the government

Canadian Culture in the 1930’s

Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC) 1933

  • Created to counteract American domination of the airwaves
  • Encouraged development of Canadian programs
  • Became the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) in 1939
author avatar
William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team)
William completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts in 2013. He current serves as a lecturer, tutor and freelance writer. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, walking his dog and parasailing. Article last reviewed: 2022 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2024 | Creative Commons 4.0

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Post comment