Key Players of Congress of Vienna

  • The “Host”  Prince Klemens von Metternich (Aus.)
  • Foreign Minister,   Charles Maurice de Tallyrand (Fr.)
  • Tsar Alexander I (Rus.)
  • King Frederick William III (Prus.)
  • Foreign Minister, Viscount Castlereagh (Br.)

Main Objectives

  • Its job was to undo everything that Napoléon had done:
  • Reduce France to its old boundaries -> frontiers were pushed back to 1790 level.
  • Restore as many of the old monarchies as possible that had lost their thrones during Napoléonic era.
  • Supported the resolution: There is always an alternative to conflict.

Key Principles Established at Vienna

  • Balance of Power
  • Legitimacy
  • Compensation
  • Coalition forces would occupy France for 3-5 years.
  • France would have to pay an indemnity of 700,000,000 francs.

Changes Made at Vienna

  • France was deprived of all territory conquered by Napoléon.
  • Russia was given most of Duchy
    of Warsaw (Poland).
  • Prussia was given half of Saxony, parts of Poland, and other German territories.
  • A Germanic Confederation of 30+ states (including Prussia) was created from the previous 300, under Austrian rule.
  • Austria was given back territory it had lost recently, plus more in Germany and Italy.
  • The House of Orange was given the Dutch Republic and the Austrian Netherlands to rule.
  • Norway and Sweden were joined.
  • The neutrality of Switzerland was guaranteed.
  • Hanover was enlarged, and made a kingdom.
  • Britain was given Cape Colony, South Africa, and various other colonies in Africa and Asia.
  • Sardinia was given Piedmont, Nice, Savoy, and Genoa.
  • The Bourbon Ferdinand I was restored in the Two Sicilies.
  • The Duchy of Parma was given to Marie Louise.
  • The slave trade was condemned (at British urging).
  • Freedom of navigation was guaranteed for many rivers.
Animal Farm: Character Analysis of Napoleon

Can We Help with Your Assignment?

Let us do your homework! Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. Free proofreading and copy-editing included.

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments