Common Names: Anofex, Cesarex, Chlorophenothane, Dedelo, p, p’-DDT, Dinocide, Didimac, Digmar, ENT 1506, Genitox, Guesapon, Guesarol, Gexarex, Gyron, Hildit, Ixodex, Kopsol, Neocid, OMS 16, Micro DDT 75, Pentachlorin, Rukseam, R50 and Zerdane.

Physical Properties of DDT

– Created by the reaction of trichloroethanol with chlorobenzene

– Stable, Nonflammable, Combustible molecule

– Able to perform substitution reactions because of its chlorine atoms

Appearance:– waxy, solid

– pure form consists of colorless crystals

Odour:Odourless
CAS Number:50-29-3
Molecular Weight:354.51 g/mol
Water Solubility:< 1 mg/L @ 20 degrees
Melting Point:108.5-109 °C
Boiling Point:260 °C
Molecular Formula:C14H9Cl5
Solubility Information:– Low solubility in water, high solubility in fats

– Soluble in aromatic and chlorinated solvents

Area Effected:Effect:First Aid:
Eye– eyes turn very red

– burning sensation occurs

– immediately flush out eye with large amounts of water, not stopping for 30 minutes

– seek medical attention immediately

Skin– causes a prickling or tingling sensation

– very irritable to skin

– take off contaminated clothing

– immediately wash contaminated skin with large amounts of soap

Breathing In (Lungs)– headache, dizziness, confusion, a sense of apprehension and tremors

– higher exposure could lead to death

– remove person from exposure

– being rescue breathing and transfer to medical facility

Long Term Effects:– may be a carcinogen

– may damage the developing fetus

– may damage the nervous system, liver and kidneys

Application and Uses of Molecule in Society

–          First used in World War II, nicknamed the ‘atomic bomb’ of pesticides

–          Used to kill insects among both military and civilian populations which were believed to carry malaria, typhus and other insect borne human diseases

–          After World War II it was used on farms to control common agricultural pests

–          Used again even after the war to control insects which carried malaria and yellow fever

–          Even though banned in the United States because of it leading to biomagnification, it is still used in many parts of the world to control the spread of malaria

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