Common Names: Anofex, Cesarex, Chlorophenothane, Dedelo, p, p’-DDT, Dinocide, Didimac, Digmar, ENT 1506, Genitox, Guesapon, Guesarol, Gexarex, Gyron, Hildit, Ixodex, Kopsol, Neocid, OMS 16, Micro DDT 75, Pentachlorin, Rukseam, R50 and Zerdane.
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Physical Properties of DDT
– Created by the reaction of trichloroethanol with chlorobenzene
– Stable, Nonflammable, Combustible molecule
– Able to perform substitution reactions because of its chlorine atoms
|Appearance:||– waxy, solid|
– pure form consists of colorless crystals
|Molecular Weight:||354.51 g/mol|
|Water Solubility:||< 1 mg/L @ 20 degrees|
|Melting Point:||108.5-109 °C|
|Boiling Point:||260 °C|
|Solubility Information:||– Low solubility in water, high solubility in fats|
– Soluble in aromatic and chlorinated solvents
|Area Effected:||Effect:||First Aid:|
|Eye||– eyes turn very red|
– burning sensation occurs
|– immediately flush out eye with large amounts of water, not stopping for 30 minutes|
– seek medical attention immediately
|Skin||– causes a prickling or tingling sensation|
– very irritable to skin
|– take off contaminated clothing|
– immediately wash contaminated skin with large amounts of soap
|Breathing In (Lungs)||– headache, dizziness, confusion, a sense of apprehension and tremors|
– higher exposure could lead to death
|– remove person from exposure|
– being rescue breathing and transfer to medical facility
|Long Term Effects:||– may be a carcinogen|
– may damage the developing fetus
– may damage the nervous system, liver and kidneys
Application and Uses of Molecule in Society
– First used in World War II, nicknamed the ‘atomic bomb’ of pesticides
– Used to kill insects among both military and civilian populations which were believed to carry malaria, typhus and other insect borne human diseases
– After World War II it was used on farms to control common agricultural pests
– Used again even after the war to control insects which carried malaria and yellow fever
– Even though banned in the United States because of it leading to biomagnification, it is still used in many parts of the world to control the spread of malaria
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