• Trial by Wager
  • Required the accused to have a number of acquaintances (oath-helpers) swear his/ her innocence
  • Not applicable to people caught in the act or with stolen property.  They faced one of the following:
  • Trial by Battle
  • Evolved from Anglo-Saxon practice of “blood feud” where relative of victim tool revenge by attacking killer and his/ her kin
  • Abolished in 1833
  • Trial by Ordeal
  • Judged accused person’s guilt or innocence by a severe physical test.
  • E.g. Carry red hot iron, thrown into water; expectation of divine intervention to save the innocent
  • Adversarial System
  • Feature of English system of law; resembles trial by battle
  • Parties represented by advocates; Crown and Defence
  • Judge ensures trial is fair
  • Advantages:
  • Increased acceptability of result
  • Control allowed to parties involved
  • Judges are neutral
  • Promotes highest approximation of truth

  • Criticisms:
  • Encourages deceit and concealment
  • Assumes parties have an equal ability:  today legal aid helps to rectify this.
  • Inconsistent with how people normally seek the
Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Historical Methods of Adjudication," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019, https://schoolworkhelper.net/historical-methods-of-adjudication/.

If we have helped you, please help us fix his smile with your old essays...it takes seconds!

-We are looking for previous essays, labs and assignments that you aced!

-We will review and post them on our website.
-Ad revenue is used to support children in developing nations.
-We help pay for cleft palate repair surgeries through Operation Smile and Smile Train.

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments