Hydrocarbons: Organics, Alkanes,enes,ynes, Petrochemicals, Energy, Bonds

Organic Compounds Organic Compound: defined as many compounds that contain covalently-bonded carbon atoms.  They form the basis of life, and are obtained from living sources (i.e. your skin bones and hair.) Inorganic Compound: compounds other than organic compounds.  There are a few exceptions, however, and they include some compounds and polyatomic ions that contain only…

Energy Conservation

–          As the human population keeps increasing (it’s over 6 billion people right now), we keep requiring more and more energy. –          Using too much energy places stress on our energy production systems and may cause blackouts when we need the energy the most. HOW DO WE USE ELECTRICITY? –          In order to conserve (save)…

Energy Flow in Living Systems

Living organisms must continually capture/acquire, store, and use energy to carry out the functions of life. Capturing/acquiring, storing and using energy are accomplished through cellular chemical processes. Cells are chemical machines that obey fundamental chemical and physical laws of nature. The sum of a cells chemical reactions is called metabolism. Energy Energy is the ability…

CELLULAR RESPIRATION

Energy – needed for:   – movement – synthesis of complex compounds – active transport Food – provides energy needed by cells – broken down > heat (body heat, excess removed) chemical storage form Cellular Respiration – is the process by which chemical energy stored in food (usually glucose, but may be protein and lipids is…

Cell Reactions and Energy

Cells must perform thousands of different chemical reactions in order to survive.  These reactions are crucial to providing cells with energy. Endergonic reactions: -“energy in” require energy in order to proceed – biological endergonic reactions produce molecules that store energy (ex. Glucose) – Ex. Photosynthesis Exergonic reatctions: – “energy out” release energy – biological exergonic…