With onset of Cold War in late 1940s began 2nd Red Scare.  This included:

  • House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was est. in WW2 to investigate ‘unpatriotic behavior’- late 1940s devoted to catching Communists

-Highest profile investigation into Hollywood motion picture industry- produced a list called ‘The Red Channels’ identifying suspected Commies in Hollywood

  • High profile spy cases:

Alger Hiss Case– Aide to FDR, Secretary-General of UN, accused of spying for USSR- jailed for 5 yrs

Rosenberg Case– Married couple accused of supplying nuclear secrets to USSR- convicted and killed via death penalty

  • McCarthyism- term describing the hunt for Communists inside U.S.

-Primary targets were gov’t officials, educators, union leaders, entertainment figures

-many people suffered loss of employment, destruction of reputation, imprisonment based on suspect evidence, or tactics deemed unconstitutional

Joseph McCarthy– senator from Wisconsin who became most famous anti-Communist when he claimed to have a list of Commies in state department in 1950

President Eisenhower often criticized for not doing enough to restrain McCarthy

-McCarthy eventually condemned by Senate when he accused members of the armed forces, and showed himself to be an unscrupulous bully during televised hearings

author avatar
William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team)
William completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts in 2013. He current serves as a lecturer, tutor and freelance writer. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, walking his dog and parasailing. Article last reviewed: 2022 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2024 | Creative Commons 4.0

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Post comment