- March 1938 ‘Anschluss’: German troops across the border into Austria take control.
- October, 1938, Munich Pact: Hitler demanded that an area of Czechoslovakia known as the “Sudetenland” be returned to Germany.
- March 1939, Invasion of Czechoslovakia: Hitler breaks the Munich Pact
- September 1st, 1939, German Invasion of Poland: Germany invaded Poland using a style of warfare known as “Blitzkrieg.”
- September 3rd, 1939, Britain and France Declare War: Britain issued an ultimatum for Hitler to withdraw from Poland. September 10th, 1939, Canada Declares War.
- The War at Home – WWII: The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was created in Canada because aircrews could not be trained safely in Britain because Britian airfields were under constant attack by German bombers.
- Women in the Forces: five roles that women played during WWII is some flew aircraft across the Atlantic, played roles in administration and communication or worked as plan spotters, weather forecasters, and ground crew.
- The Government’s War Effort: The expenses that the government had to pay for during WWII is things such as mutations, food, uniforms, trucks, tanks, planes, fuel and ships. Bonds were like a loan to the government. Foods that were rationed during WWII were goods like sugar, tea, coffee, butter, meat, alcohol, gasoline and tires.
- Promoting War Effort: Canadians at home were affected by shortages that lead to rationing; many farmers joined the armed forces. This meant that the 800,000 women on Canadian farms had to work.
- The Battle of the North Atlantic: The goal of this war was to ship supplies like food, weapons, medical supplies, etc.
- August 19th, 1942- The Dieppe Raid: At Dieppe, Canada hoped to quickly attack the Germans, who had taken over France. It was a failure because they did not arrive under cover of darkness as planned.
- December 1943, The Battle of Ortona: Canadian troops began their fight in Italy by easily driving up the peninsula from the southern tip of Sicily in an attempt to drive German soldiers back to Germany.
- June 6th, 1944, D-Day Invasion: Operation ‘Overload’ was the name given to largest allied surprise attack in WWII. Canada’s 3rd Division, successfully captures Juno beach.
- 1944-1945, The Liberation of Northern Europe: Once the Nazis were forced out of France, they occupied countries of Europe needed to be liberated. The Canadian’s were assigned the Netherlands and Belgium.
The Results of WWII
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- Creation of the United Nations: The United Nations was formed in 1945 to maintain peace, bring an end to war, improve the standard of living for all nations, and to promote human rights. Canada was left out as a member of the Security Council.
- Baby Boom Generation: With the return of peace, many Canadians began to marry and start their own families. As a result, the population soared in Canada after the war.