How the war was going for Germany’s army
How the war affected Germans at home in Germany
· Hitler was in control of much of western and eastern Europe.
o High morale.
· Many people still remembered the horrors of the First World War.
· Food and clothe rationing was introduced.
· Luxury goods were imported into Germany from captured territories.
o High morale.
· Hitler invaded the Soviet Union – “tore the heart out of the German army”.
· Longer working hours, cut backs on heating and having to recycle rubbish due to the expensive war with Russian forces.
· Civilians donated 1.5 million fur coats to keep the German army fighting in Russia warm.
· Soldiers’ morale started to decline.
· The “Final Solution” begins – millions of Jewish civilians are executed.
· Women drafted into the labour force – contradicting the Nazis ‘traditional’ view of women.
o Shows that desperation has started to take over.
· The Dresden Bombing took place. This crippled German civilians’ morale.
· Bombing became more frequent over the next few years.
· The tides turn – War in Europe starts to favour the Allies.
· All effort focused on the armament industries – postal services suspended, letter boxes closed, places of entertainment closed, etc.
· Morale was significantly low on the front-line and the war was coming to its end.
· Support for the Nazis was extremely weak as it was evident that the war was over.
· Food supplies were dwindling. 3.5 million German civilians had died.
·Germany was left shattered.