How the war was going for Germany’s army

How the war affected Germans at home in Germany

1939

·Hitler was in control of much of western and eastern Europe.

oHigh morale.

·Many people still remembered the horrors of the First World War.

·Food and clothe rationing was introduced.

·Luxury goods were imported into Germany from captured territories.

oHigh morale.

1940

1941

·Hitler invaded the Soviet Union – “tore the heart out of the German army”.

·Longer working hours, cut backs on heating and having to recycle rubbish due to the expensive war with Russian forces.

·Civilians donated 1.5 million fur coats to keep the German army fighting in Russia warm.

1942

·Soldiers’ morale started to decline.

·The “Final Solution” begins – millions of Jewish civilians are executed.

·Women drafted into the labour force – contradicting the Nazis ‘traditional’ view of women.

oShows that desperation has started to take over.

·The Dresden Bombing took place.This crippled German civilians’ morale.

·Bombing became more frequent over the next few years.

1943

·The tides turn – War in Europe starts to favour the Allies.

·All effort focused on the armament industries – postal services suspended, letter boxes closed, places of entertainment closed, etc.

1944

·Morale was significantly low on the front-line and the war was coming to its end.

·Support for the Nazis was extremely weak as it was evident that the war was over.

1945

·Food supplies were dwindling.3.5 million German civilians had died.

·Germany was left shattered.

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Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Effects of World War II on Germany: Timeline," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019, https://schoolworkhelper.net/effects-of-world-war-ii-on-germany-timeline/.
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