Decrease of population

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France had the most casualty percentage of deaths comparing to all Decrease-in-population-Francethe other participants. The tough losses in people destroyed the entire generation of the Frenchmen. There were about 1,697,800 total deaths and France felled behind Germany and England in population during 19th century.  Thus they weren’t able to support wartime losses. It was horrible because of the quantity of young men who were killed in the battle.

Due to so many losses the country’s birthrate dropped from the consecutive years including thousands of children that became orphans.

Most of the wounded people became with psychological problems due to the horrifying moment at the war.

Infrastructural damage

France suffered of incalculable property damage since a great deal of the war was on the western front took place at French land. Some areas in France we too badly damaged to even start rebuilding.


France’s economy after World War 1 was ruined. The loss of manpower for production and also the wreck of agricultural land, bought to an increased need for imports from the other countries.

The state spent a huge amount of money to get medical care for the millions of wounded that had survived the war. World-War-I-damage-on-France

The war against Germany at the western front was fought mainly in France, which caused a drop in economy. France experienced a dramatic decrease in manpower; infrastructure and agriculture were likewise damaged due to bombardments and trench warfare. These all contributed to the heavy decline in economy.

A Declaration of Grievances; Louis XVI’s Downfall


France received the worst blow out of all the powers. With a population of 40 million, half a million died and 700 thousand were disabled. Nearly every family have lost at least one member of the family. (Keiger)


After the Treaty of Versailles was signed, it was agreed that Germany should take full responsibility of the war, and therefore had to pay reparations to France. Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France and all German troops were removed from Rhineland, the land on both sides of the Rhine River which ran in between Germany and France. France limited the Germany military, which caused a strong hate from Germany to arise, which later became a contributing factor to WW2.


Mortar and artillery bombardments destroyed many houses and villages. They also destroyed wine orchards and agricultural areas, which caused damage economically. Because much of the war was fought in France, there were many discarded shells and mines underneath the ground which had to be dug up and disarmed before the land could be used.

Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Effects of World War I on France," in SchoolWorkHelper, 2019,
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13 days ago

It was not just France limiting the German armed forces. They voiced the most concern as they were Germany’s neighbor, however they were backed up by Britain who strongly agreed with the disarmament of Germany. The French economy was bad yes, but not ruined. They had reparations coming in and minor aid from Britain and the USA during the Versailles negotiations.

11 months ago

No, france didn’t suffer the most percentage wise. Romania had 300,000 military dead out of 1,000,000 soldiers, some estimates for serbian military dead go up to 400,000 dead out of 1,000,000 soldiers, France had 1,357,800 dead out of 8,410,000, Thats almost 1 in 6 french soldiers dying. Out of the total population, France lost 4%. Romania lost like 7-8% and serbia lost 16-27%.

liz D.
liz D.
2 years ago

good morning, thank you very much

Malcom D.
Malcom D.
Reply to  liz D.
11 months ago

Good morning! Thanks!